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How to Export Genetically Modified Agriculturals GMOs to China

 
Genetically Modified Corn export China Genetic Modification (GM ) Soybeans export China GMO Corn export China
Need to apply "China Imported GMOs Biosafety Certificate" of MOA in advance
All Agricultural Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) need to be imported into China. Regardless of their purpose of use (such as research, planting, production, processing, direct consumer goods, temporary transit, etc.), they must be approved by the China Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) to obtain relevant "China Imported GMOs Biosafety Certificate",then can be permitted to export to China.

China's MOA has approved the imported Agricultural genetically modified organisms (GMO) , including genetically modified soybeans, genetically modified corn, genetically modified cotton, genetically modified rape, genetically modified sugar beet etc.

There are three types of "China GMOs Biosafety Certificate":

  • Initial Imported GMOs Biosafety Certificate (For Developer)
  • Batch Imported GMOs Biosafety Certificate (For Trader)
  • Production GMOs Biosafety Certificate (For Manufacturer)

    1. Initial Imported GMOs Biosafety Certificate (For Developer)

    First of all, the GMOs developers must apply for the "Initial Imported GMOs Biosafety Certificate (For Developer) " for their seeds (parental GMOs), which can be called parental GMOs certificate; the Applicant is a Genetic Modification (GM ) technology research and development enterprise, and the main Genetic Modification (GM )  R&D companies include Monsanto, Bayer , Syngenta, DuPont Pioneer, Dow, BASF, etc.

    Only the parental Genetic Modification (GM ) Crops (GMO seeds) obtained the "Initial Imported GMOs Biosafety Certificate (For Developer) " approved by the MOA, then the Genetic Modification (GM ) Crops grown from the GMO seeds (parental GMOs) can be permitted to import into China;

    By 2020, the Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) of China has approved about 200 "Initial Imported GMOs Biosafety Certificate (For Developer) " to overseas developers. This type of application is very complicated. It requires a large amount of safety evaluation research data, and it usually takes several years to obtain the "Initial Imported GMOs Biosafety Certificate (For Developer) " , so, won't elaborate on it here;

    2. Batch Imported GMOs Biosafety Certificate (For Trader)

    The prerequisite for applying for this type of certificate is that the Genetic Modification (GM ) Crops (parental generation GMOs) have obtained the "Initial Imported GMOs Biosafety Certificate (For Developer) "  approved by the MOA;  Only the Genetic Modification (GM ) crops grown from parental generation GMO seeds which approved by MOA are allowed to be imported into China.

    And for each Import Batch, overseas consigners (such as exporters, agents, traders, farms, manufacturers, etc.) must also apply to the MOA  to obtain a “Batch Imported GMOs Biosafety Certificate (For Trader)” , then the Genetic Modification (GM ) crops can be allowed to be imported into China.

    In import customs clearance process, CIQ also needs to check that the genetic characteristics of the imported GMOs are consistent with the approved "Initial Imported GMOs Biosafety Certificate (For Developer) " before customs clearance;

    In addition, if an overseas exporter exports GMOs to China for the first time, the MOA needs to conduct a qualification review on all parties involved in the GMOs trade (including exporters, importers, manufacturers, etc.), and each related party needs to establish a safety management system for GMOs . Applicants must provide the relevant management system documents of the three parties to the MOA for review, only meet the requirements of China's GMOs safety regulations, then the “Batch Imported GMOs Biosafety Certificate (For Trader)” can be issued, Therefore, the first application for the “Batch Imported GMOs Biosafety Certificate (For Trader)” is required Longer time and higher cost;

    Apply for Batch Imported GMOs Biosafety Certificate (For Trader) for the first time,
    The time need about 3-4 months, and the cost is $3000-$4000;
    For the Subsequent batch application, the time need about 2-3 months, and the cost is $2000-$3000;  

    3. Production GMOs Biosafety Certificate(For Manufacturer)

    Manufacturers who want to process GMOs into other consumer goods or semi-finished products (including planting) ,need to apply for " Production GMOs Biosafety Certificate (For Manufacturer)" ; this is nothing to do with importer and exporter so  won’t elaborate on it here;  

     

     1.     Initial GMOs Biosafety certificate:

    Subject

    Approval to First-time Import of Agricultural Genetically Modified Organisms by Overseas Developers

    境外研发商首次申请农业转基因生物安全证书(进口)

    Applicant

    GMOs Overseas Developers (Such as Monsanto, BASF, Dow, Syngenta, DuPont Pioneer, etc. )

    Certificate valid

    3-5 years

    Contents to be examined

    1. Environmental safety of the GMO 

    2. Safety of the GMO as food 

    3. Safety level of the GMO 

    4. Approval of the GMO abroad/outside the Chinese mainland

    5. Related qualifications of the applicant

    Approval Procedures

    1. Acceptance of application documents. The General Office for Administrative Examination and Approval of MOA accepts and preliminarily examines the Application for Safety Assessment of Agricultural GMOs and related documents submitted by the applicant.

    2. Examination. The Office for Agricultural GMO Safety of MOA examines the application documents according to related national regulations.

    3. Issue of approval document on entry of GMO materials. The Office for Agricultural GMO Safety issues the Approval Document on Entry of Agricultural GMO Materials to a qualified applicant according to the examination findings as well as the procedures for issue of the document so that the developer from outside the Chinese mainland could import the agricultural GMO materials.

    4. Technical testing. The institution for technical testing of agricultural GMOs entrusted by MOA performs the environmental and edible safety testing and produces a test report.

    5. Expert examination. The Office for Agricultural GMO Safety of MOA designates the National Committee on Safety of Agricultural GMOs to examine the application documents and the test report.

    6. Reply. The Office for Agricultural GMO Safety makes a proposal according to the examination results, submits it to the minister for final examination and then gives a written reply to the applicant.

    Application Dossiers

    Abbreviation,Inquire us for detail.

    Time

    1-2  years

    Cost (USD)

    Inquire us for detail.

    Note

    For each subsequent import, a copy of this certificate is required.

     

    2.     Batch GMOs Biosafety certificate for each import :

    Subject

    Approval to Import of Agricultural Genetically Modified Organisms By Overseas Traders

    境外贸易商申请农业转基因生物安全证书(进口)

    Applicant

    GMOs Overseas Traders (Such as exporters, agents, traders, farms, manufacturers, etc.)

    Contents to be examined

    1. Characteristics of the GMO

    2. Purpose of the GMO and safety in the process of transportation

    3. Destination of the GMO

    4. Approval of the GMO in the country of origin

    Approval Procedures

    1. Acceptance of application documents. The General Office for Administrative Examination and Approval of MOA accepts and preliminarily examines the Registration Form for Safety of Import of Agricultural GMOs (used as raw materials for processing) and related documents submitted by the applicant.

    2. Expert examination. The Office for Agricultural GMO Safety of MOA designates an expert team to examine the application documents.

    3. Reply. The Office for Agricultural GMO Safety makes a proposal according to the examination findings, submits it to the minister for final examination and then gives a written reply to the applicant.

    Application Dossiers

    Abbreviation, Inquire us for detail.

    Time

    2-3 months

    Cost (USD)

    Inquire us for detail.

    Note

    Copy of Initial Imported GMOs Biosafety Certificate is required.

     

    3.     GMOs Biosafety certificate for Production:

    Subject

    Approval to Application for Biosafety Certificate of Agricultural Genetically Modified Organisms (for Production)

    农业转基因生物安全证书〔生产应用〕

    Applicant

    China local farms, manufacturers, Processor etc.

    Contents to be examined

    1. Safety assessment and safety level of the GMO

    2. Testing of the GMO

    3. Related qualifications of the applicant

    Approval Procedures

    1. Acceptance of application documents. The General Office for Administrative Examination and Approval of MOA accepts and preliminarily examines the Application for Safety Assessment of Agricultural GMO and related documents submitted by the applicant.

    2. Expert examination. The Office for Agricultural GMO Safety of MOA designates the National Agricultural GMO Safety Committee to examine the application documents.

    3. Reply. The Office for Agricultural GMO Safety makes a proposal according to the examination results, submits it to the minister for final examination and then gives a written reply to the applicant.

    Application Dossiers

    Abbreviation, Inquire us for detail.

    Time

    1-2  years

    Cost (USD)

    Inquire us for detail.

    Note

    Such as plant seeds, animal seedlings, manufacturing materials, etc.

     

     

     

  •  
     
    Risky Food Export China Process
    In China, the imported food is divided into 4 risk levels from low to high : A, B, C, D ; Different levels of supervision are adopted for foods with different risk levels;

    The medium to high risky imported food categories include:Meat products, aquatic products, dairy products, sausage casings, bird nest products, bee products, egg products, edible oils and fats, oilseeds, stuffed wheaten products, edible grains, milled grain industry products and malt, fresh and dehydrated vegetables and dried beans, condiments, nuts and seeds, dried fruits, unroasted coffee beans and cocoa beans, foods for special dietary purposes, and health foods, Animal feed etc.

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    In addition to the above-mentioned general food import procedures, the risky imported food also need to go through other government procedures of Manufacturer Registration / Certifcation, Pre-market approval of the product etc.
     
    The common China's government departments include :
    Learn More China Pre-market Approval >>>
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